The history of human rights has not been entirely progressive. Many established rights would be replaced by other less tolerant systems. Stable institutions may be uprooted such as in cases of conflict such as war and terrorism.
Before the discovery of Hispaniola the island that is now Haiti and the Dominican Republic by Christopher Columbus, there was a thriving civilization of native Americans, known as the Arawak-speaking Taino Indians. The arrival of Columbus and European colonialism brought disease, slavery, misery and death.
They were soon wiped out from the island and black slave labor from Africa was needed to replace them. What was thought of as a rich and profitable Western colony, Haiti today is the poorest country in the western hemisphere.
Prior to s Native People Destroyed By European Colonialists The fate of the native people of Hispaniola mirrored many others during the era of European imperialism and colonialism. The exact numbers of Taino people in Hispaniola before the arrival of Columbus in is not known, and estimates vary greatly.
But, their numbers dwindled to what some have called genocide although Taino Indian people survive elsewhere in the Americas: One [low estimate of the population of pre-Columbus Hispaniola is]Several other modern scholars seem to lean more forcefully in the area oftoWhatever the number, what happened to them is extremely tragic.
They were not immune to European diseases, especially smallpox, and the Spanish worked them unmercifully in the mines and fields. It is generally agreed that by their numbers had shrunk to 60, By the number was down to Not only on Hispaniola, but also across the Windward Passage in Cuba, complete genocide was practiced on these natives.
Of the Taino people he encountered, he said: They are the best people in the world and above all the gentlest All the people show the most singular loving behaviour and they speak pleasantly They love their neighbours as themselves, and they have the sweetest talk in the world, and are gentle and always laughing.
Formal instructions for the second voyage to Hispaniola in May were significant, historian Kirkpatrick Sale writes, in that they constituted the first statement of the colonial strategies and policies of empire that were eventually to carry Europe to every cranny of the earth.
Las Casas, a Spanish eyewitness, described how the invaders were motivated by insatiable greed and ambition, like ravening wild beasts Quoted Noam Chomsky, YearVerso,p. As they saw themselves each day perishing by the cruel and inhuman treatment of the Spaniards, crushed to the earth by the horses, cut in pieces by swords, eaten and torn by dogs, many buried alive and suffering all kinds of exquisite tortures From that time to this, the logic of Western exploitation of the Third World has remained fundamentally the same: This is why death squads, tyrants and torturers are such a standard feature of the Third World — hope is always being born and is always being killed by local thugs serving Western elites.
In the s, the leading academic scholar on human rights in Latin America, Lars Schoultz, found that US aid, including military aid, has tended to flow disproportionately to Latin American governments which torture their citizens Schoultz, Comparative Politics, January Terror was required, Schoultz added, to destroy permanently a perceived threat to the existing structure of socioeconomic privilege by eliminating the political participation of the numerical majority.
The natives were to be converted to Christianity and accept the authority of the King of Spain. Haiti breaks free of colonial rule; Becomes first independent black republic The Spanish colonial period was then replaced by a brutal French colonial period.
The French established Haiti as a colony to grow sugar, using black slave labor. The French Revolution which commenced in Paris in deeply influenced an eventual Haitian Revolution of The revolution was complex, and there were several revolutions going on simultaneously.
On January 1,Haiti made history by becoming the first independent black republic. Yet freedom came at a price. A summary from the U. From the outset Haiti inherited the wrath of the colonial powers, which knew what a disastrous example a Haitian success story would be.
In the words of Napoleon Bonaparte: The freedom of the negroes, if recognized in St Domingue [as Haiti was then known] and legalized by France, would at all times be a rallying point for freedom-seekers of the New World.
He sent 22, soldiers the largest force to have crossed the Atlantic at the time to recapture the Pearl of the Antilles.
France, backed by the US, later ordered Haiti to pay m francs in gold as reparations to compensate former plantation and slave owners as well as for the costs of the war in return for international recognition.
Infearing that internal strife would compromise its interests, the US invaded, and remained until Occupation of Haiti Edwards and Cromwell are quoted again: Between andthe US Navy entered Haitian waters 24 times to protect American lives and property. The US invasion of brought back slavery to Haiti in all but name and imposed a US-designed constitution giving US corporations free rein.
After ruling for 19 years the US withdrew leaving its wealth in the safe hands of the murderous National Guard it had created. Butler explained the logic of intervention:Jun 10, · 7 Terrible Abuses Suffered By Women Around The World^7 Terrible Abuses Suffered By Women Around The World^NOTE: Some readers may find the text and images on this list disturbing.
For most of our readers, the biggest troubles in their lives are petrol prices, long working hours, and increasing food costs.^rushfan.
This section of the urbanagricultureinitiative.com web site introduces some of the human rights issues surrounding Haiti and how the US have supported undemocratic regimes that have violated many rights.
Links to other sources are also provided. It was with disbelief and shock that people around the world saw footage of the terrorist attacks in the US on on September 11, when the planes-turned-missiles slammed into the World Trade Center towers and damaged the Pentagon.
of discrimination against women are fundamental human rights and United Nations values. Women around the world nevertheless regularly suffer violations of their human rights throughout their lives, and realizing 6 WOMEN’S RiGHTS ARE HUMAN RiGHTS The Convention defines discrimination in its article 1 as “ any distinction.
A Violation Of Womens' Human Rights. Print Reference this According to a United Nations report at least one out of every three women around the world has been abused some way or the other in her lifetime and that too by someone known to her. literacy rates among women such violation is now getting well recognized as a public.
Women s Rights are Human Rights Women s Rights are Human Rights Designed and Printed at United Nations, Geneva (E) – November – .