He received a Ph. Although Du Bois took an advanced degree in history, he was broadly trained in the social sciences; and, at a time when sociologists were theorizing about race relations, he was conducting empirical inquiries into the condition of blacks.
It is crucial to recognize that Du Bois Washington's idealism is echoed in the otherworldly salvation hoped for in "A Great Camp-Meeting in the Promised Land", for example; likewise the determined call for education in "Of the Training of Black Men" is matched by the strident words of "March On".
The Souls of Black Folk is a classic work of American literature by W. E. B. Du Bois. It is a seminal work in the history of sociology, and a cornerstone of African-American literary history. The book, published in , contains several essays on race, some of which the . W. E. B. Du Bois was editor and principal author of The Negro Church, first published in A groundbreaking study, this volume is the first in-depth treatment of African-American religious life. It is the first sociological book on religion in the United States.1/5(1). W.E.B. Du Bois, in full William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, (born February 23, , Great Barrington, Massachusetts, U.S.—died August 27, , Accra, Ghana), American sociologist, historian, author, editor, and activist who was the most important black protest leader in the United States during the first half of the 20th century.
It says that the blacks of the South need the right to vote, the right to a good education, and to be treated with equality and justice. Here, he also coined " double-consciousness ", which he defined as a "sense of always looking at one's self through the eyes of others, of measuring one's soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity.
The History of the American Negro is the history of this strive-this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self. He simply wishes to make it possible for a man to be both a Negro and an American, without being cursed and spit upon by his fellows, without having the doors of Opportunity closed roughly in his face.
According to Du Bois, this veil is worn by all African-Americans because their view of the world and its potential economic, political, and social opportunities are so vastly different from those of white people.
The veil is a visual manifestation of the color line, a problem Du Bois worked his whole life to remedy. Du Bois sublimates the function of the veil when he refers to it as a gift of second sight for African-Americans, thus simultaneously characterizing the veil as both a blessing and a curse.
Du Bois also introduces the problem of the color-line. Armstrongand Erastus Cravath. Yet the demise of the Freedman's Savings Bank he attributes to the loss of "all the faith in savings.
Thus Negro suffrage ended a civil war by beginning a race feud. It is here that Du Bois argues against Booker T.
Washington 's idea of focusing solely on industrial education for black men. Du Bois refers to the Atlanta Compromise as the "most notable of Mr.
Washington's career," and "the old attitude of adjustment and submission. That, if black people "concentrate all their energies on industrial education, the accumulation of wealth, and the conciliation of the South," this will lead to 1 The disenfranchisement of the Negro, 2 The legal creation of a distinct status of civil inferiority for the Negro, and 3 The steady withdrawal of aid from institutions for the higher training of the Negro.
Washington apologizes for injustice, North or South, does not rightly value the privilege and duty of voting, opposes the higher training and ambition of our brighter minds, -so far as he, the South, or the Nation, does this,- we must unceasingly and firmly oppose them.
In it place stood Progress; and Progress, I understand, is necessarily ugly. Du Bois compares Atlanta, the City of a Hundred Hills, to Atalantaand warns against the "greed of gold," or "interpreting the world in dollars.
Then complete school systems were established including Normal schools and colleges, followed by the industrial revolution in the South from toand its industrial schools. Yet, Du Bois asks, "Is Not life more than meat, and the body more than raiment?Du Bois was the first Black man to receive a Ph.D.
from Harvard University. He was also one of the founders of the NAACP, and a leader at the forefront of the movement for Black civil rights in the U.S. Later in his life he was an activist for peace and opposed nuclear weapons, which made him a. W. E. B. Du Bois was editor and principal author of The Negro Church, first published in A groundbreaking study, this volume is the first in-depth treatment of African-American religious life.
It is the first sociological book on religion in the United States.1/5(1).
Nov 02, · Watch video · W.E.B. Du Bois, or William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, was an African-American writer, teacher, sociologist and activist whose work transformed the way that the lives of black citizens were seen in.
Scholar, author, editor, teacher, reformer, and civil rights leader, W. E. B.
Du Bois was a deeply influential figure in American life and one of the earliest proponents of equality for African Americans. Finding Aid for the W.E.B. Du Bois Papers in the Special Collections and University Archives at the W.E.B.
Du Bois Library of the University of Massachusetts Amherst is presented online in the Journal of Transnational American Studies (). Dr. Du Bois provides a personal account of his long life.
The full citation is: Du Bois, W. E. W.E.B. Du Bois's classic collection of essays about the experiences of African-Americans. The work is a foundational work in the history of sociology and a seminal tome in Reviews: K.