However some writers trace its origins to King Charles I in the s. Other writers point to a faction, rooted in the 18th century Whig Partythat coalesced around William Pitt the Younger in the s. Pitt died in From about on the name "Tory" was commonly used for a new party that, according to historian Robert Blake, "are the ancestors of Conservatism".
History[ edit ] Widening of the franchise in the 19th century led the party to popularise its approach, especially under Benjamin Disraeliwhose Reform Act of greatly increased the electorate.
Afterthe Conservatives allied with the part of the Liberal Party known as the Liberal Unionists who opposed their party's support for Irish Home Rule and together they held office for all but three of the following twenty years.
Lord Salisbury 's and Arthur Balfour 's governments between and were given the name of "Unionist". The Conservative Party was also known as the Unionist Party in the early 20th century.
The First World War saw the formation of an all-party coalition government and for four years after the armistice the Unionist Party remained in coalition with the Lloyd George Liberals.
Eventually, grassroots pressure forced the breakup of the coalition and the party regained power on its own, but after the separation of the Irish Free State in it increasingly used the name "Conservative" more than "Unionist".
It again dominated the political scene in the inter-war period from in a National Government as the main rivals the Liberals and Labour virtually collapsed. The party pursued protective tariffs and low taxes during the depression years of the s.
In foreign policy, it favoured peace and appeasement of Italy and Germany until In the late s, it supported a hurried rearmanment program to catch up with Germany. The crisis came with in as Germany defeated France and Britain and its Commonwealth stood alone against Adolf Hitler.
The result was a wartime all-party coalition government with partisanship in abeyance. In the general electionthe party lost power in a landslide by the Labour Party.
The Conservatives largely accepted the reality of the Labour government's nationalisation programme, the creation of the welfare state and the taxes required for it.
However, when they returned to power in the party oversaw an economic boom and ever-increasing national prosperity throughout the s. The party stumbled in the s and s, but in Margaret Thatcher became leader and converted it to a monetarist economic programme; after her election victory in her government became known for its free market approach to problems and privatisation of public utilities.
Here, the Conservatives experienced a high-point, with Thatcher leading the Conservatives to two more landslide election victories in and However, towards the end of the s Thatcher's increasing unpopularity within the parliamentary party and unwillingness to change policies perceived as vote-losing led to her being deposed in and replaced by John Majorwho won an unexpected election victory in Major's government suffered a political blow when the Pound Sterling was forced out of the Exchange Rate Mechanism later that year, which lost the party much of its reputation for good financial stewardship.
Although the country's economy recovered in the mids, an effective opposition campaign by the Labour Party led to a landslide defeat in The party returned to government in a coalition under David Cameron following the general election.
In the general electionthe Conservatives managed to win a majority and saw Cameron return to power for a second term. The general election saw the Conservatives lose their majority and form a confidence and supply agreement with the Democratic Unionist Party.
The nineteenth century[ edit ] Origins[ edit ] The modern Conservative Party arose in the s, emerging from the Tory party that had formed abouta key moment of the transition coming with the Tamworth Manifesto of Political alignments in those centuries were much looser than now, with many individual groupings.
From the s until the s the dominant grouping was those Whigs following William Pitt the Younger. From about on the name "Tory" was commonly used for a new party called by the historian Robert Blake "the ancestors of 'Conservatism. Blake adds that Pitt's successors after "Were not in any sense standard-bearers of 'true Toryism.
In the late s, disputes over political reform, especially Roman Catholic Emancipation, broke up this grouping. A government led by the Duke of Wellington collapsed in amidst a Whig landslide. Now in the minority, Robert Peel set about assembling a new coalition of forces.
On the fall of Lord Melbourne 's government after a Whig electoral defeat in Peel took office with a substantial majority and appeared set for a long rule. Peel and most senior Conservatives favoured repeal, but they were opposed by backbench members representing farming and rural constituencies, led by Lord George BentinckBenjamin Disraeliand Lord Stanley later the Earl of Derbywho favoured protectionism.
Following repeal, the Protectionists combined with the Whigs to overthrow Peel's government.
It would be twenty-eight years before a Conservative Prime Minister again had a majority in the House of Commons. From this point on, and especially after the death of Peel inthe Peelites and Conservatives drifted apart.Explain why the conservatives lost the General Election There are three main reasons the conservatives lost the General Election, one of the main reasons was the tariff reform.
The Tariff Reform was a pressure group setup in to protest against unfair foreign imports to protect British industry from foreign competition. The United Kingdom general election was held from 12 January to 8 February The Liberals, led by Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman, won a landslide majority at the election.
The Conservatives led by Arthur Balfour, and general elections as one of the largest landslide election urbanagricultureinitiative.comon year: Nigel Paul Farage (/ ˈ f ær ɑː ʒ /; born 3 April ) is a British politician, broadcaster and political urbanagricultureinitiative.com has been a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for the South East England constituency since and is a Vice-Chairman of the pro-Brexit organization Leave Means Leave.
To what extent did Arthur Balfour cause the defeat of the conservatives in the election? Arthur Balfour was elected as prime minister in after Salisbury retired and gained the approval of the unionists, even though it appeared to quite a few people in the parliament that Arthur Balfour wasn’t actually up to the job.
The Fixed-term Parliaments Act introduced fixed-term Parliaments to the United Kingdom, with elections scheduled every five years since the general election on 7 May This removed the power of the Prime Minister, using the royal prerogative, to dissolve Parliament before its five-year maximum length.
The Act permits early dissolution if the House of Commons votes by a supermajority. South Carolina gubernatorial election, Jump to navigation Jump to search The Conservatives and the state press condemned the Farmers' Association for trying to disrupt the unity of the state Democratic party.
In addition, they stressed that if the Farmers' Associations candidates failed to achieve nomination at the Democratic.