Environmental impact of food production and consumption Environmental impact of food production and consumption In the last few decades, the environmental impact of food production and consumption have become a phenomenon of growing concern under different perspectives and with several related consequences in term of malnutrition, food safety, CO2 emissions and deforestation Baroni, et al. Environmental degradation is not a new concern among the global community, and the first discussion about this issue is collocated around the late s, likewise successively, due to the increasing pressure of the production systems on the environment, the topic had been investigated deeply with the aim to understand the antecedents of this trend, as well as to find possible solutions Gallastegui, In this perspective, it has been reported that all the actors within the supply chain need to make possible for consumers to choose less environmentally harmful products Grankvist, et al.
Begin this TED Study with a fascinating read that gives context and clarity to the material. Sweet and salty, meaty and mega-sized: Introducing the Western diet If you live in a Western culture, chances are good that your food is quite different from anything your forebears put on a dinner plate.
Thanks to the industrialization of food production and procurement, citizens of Western societies and the affluent members of developing nations are shopping for, cooking and consuming a seemingly endless supply of relatively inexpensive, high-calorie, highly processed food.
What are the staples in this stream of plenty? Westerners are eating enormous quantities of sugar, beef, chicken, wheat and dairy products, and washing it all down with an amazing array of caffeinated and alcoholic beverages.
Americans in particular consume over twice the amount of solid fats and added sugars recommended for daily intake, and they consume far fewer fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains than those who lived in earlier eras — and less than experts recommend for optimal health.
Because sustainable consumption and production essay help its ubiquity, this particular approach to eating has been dubbed the Western Diet — or, as it's known in some circles, the Standard American Diet, with its condemnatory acronym, S. And increasingly, it's coming under fire for how it's affecting human health, community life, and the environment.
Calculating the costs of our food choices Although the industrialized food system eliminated historical patterns of frequent food shortages, its ultimate legacy may be a toxic food environment that's degrading the health of people and the planet.
Industrialized agriculture and the government policies that encouraged the mass production of food were intended to facilitate better overall nutrition and health around the globe, but they've also encouraged excess and — ironically — poor health in many societies.
We've become particularly adept at producing huge amounts of food, and those of us in Western cultures eat a lot more of it than we used to. A range of troubling health concerns sweeping America and other countries that adopt the American diet. Chief among these, as chef and TED speaker Ann Cooper observes, is the startling rise in diabetes, especially among children.
Yet, as food scholars Chris Otter and Raj Patel have pointed out, a serious paradox exists in today's world: Most of the "stuffed" reside in Global North, while most of the "starved" dwell in the Global South.
The financial crisis of the last decade, coupled with skyrocketing oil prices, created in some countries severe food shortages that led to riots. We must reckon with the reality of finite resources, including the water, oil, and arable land that have driven the modern agricultural revolution.
Paul Roberts, in his ominously titled book The End of Food, focuses on the degradation of resources and the devastating damage that results from industrialized farming, especially from livestock operations. Because meat figures so prominently in the Western diet, our "ecological footprint" exceeds by a quarter the planet's biocapacity.
Additionally, as journalist Graham Hill describes in his TEDTalk, meat production is a significant driver of climate change. On top of these thorny environmental, political, humanitarian and health-related problems, there's also evidence that our diet may be damaging the basic social fabric of our communities.
The rise of fast food, combined with other social and cultural phenomena from the rise of more single-parent and two-income families, to the creation of cars with built-in cup holders and food trays have led to changes in how we eat as families.
And many observers see this as damaging to family life and even civil society. How did we get here, anyway?
Feeding an army In a number of important ways, the modern-day Western diet owes its existence to World War II, which changed the way we produce, prepare, and market food.
Doing their part for the war effort, North American farmers delivered record-breaking crop yields, in some measure due to their liberal use of manufactured fertilizers and pesticides including the new miracle insect killer, DDT.
After the war the farmers escalated their use of these chemicals; this, combined with increasingly sophisticated farm equipment and hybrid seed engineering, led to even greater production, much of which was subsidized by long-held government parity agreements.
During the post-war era, the farmers, government officials and agricultural scientists hoped that this increased food production would help meet the needs of a rapidly growing global population.
Rockefeller Foundation scientists engineered new seeds designed to produce significantly more grain in countries all over the world, and in doing so ushered in a "Green Revolution.
However, it also put a severe strain on local economies, endangered subsistence farmers and indigenous cultures, and accelerated the advance toward large, corporate-type style farming in the United States and elsewhere.
Just as World War II was a watershed era in food production, it also ushered in significant changes in food processing. Military quartermaster departments pounded, dried, stretched and shrunk food in every imaginable way in order to reduce bulk and weight to ship it overseas efficiently and in large quantities.
Frozen orange juice, instant coffee and potatoes, powdered eggs and milk, ready-trimmed and packaged meats, and even the ubiquitous TV dinner all either got their start or were perfected with wartime research and technology.
After the war, manufacturers quickly adapted and began producing foods for household consumers.
Advertisers and enthusiastic journalists deemed the new preservation techniques "a modern miracle in the kitchen. Subtly at first, and more dramatically later, there occurred a shift in the traditional, seasonal approach to eating in developed countries.
Fast foods and convenience marts At the same time that home cooking was changing, a new type of restaurant revolutionized the way that Westerners dined out. New chain restaurants like McDonald's and Carl's Jr. Emphasis on economies of scale — purchasing large quantities of supplies and preparing the food in a centralized kitchen to be warmed and assembled at the chain — enabled "fast food," even as such cost- and time-saving techniques lessened the food's quality and nutritional value.
The fast food pioneers standardized a "fast food taste" that endures today: This formula proved successful, and fast food restaurants gained an enormous following, becoming to many a beloved, permanent fixture in mainstream culture.
Convenience became the watchword: By the s, industrially produced American "fast food" franchises appeared around the globe.In the last few decades, the environmental impact of food production and consumption have become a phenomenon of growing concern under different perspectives and with several related consequences in term of malnutrition, food safety, CO2 emissions and deforestation (Baroni, et .
Consumption of the Consumer The movie Fight Club, directed by David Fincher, has had a major effect on the everyday movie watcher. Its plot is a very intriguing one in that it probably makes the viewer question his or her own way of living.
Promoting sustainable consumption and production are important aspects of sustainable development, which depends on achieving long-term economic growth that is consistent with environmental and social needs.
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– A ten-year program on sustainable consumption and production (SCP) was created in the Plan of Implementation at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg.
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