But, have you ever wondered about the amazing ancient landmarks? There are several heritages around us which have glorified our civilization. You might find it implausible to believe that there were more erudite structures built in ancient times than the skyscrapers we have today.
How was it made? When was it built? And most intriguing of all. What was Stonehenge used for? Below are ten facts about Stonehenge that look to answer these age-old questions.
Stonehenge is unique because there is nothing else like it the world. Less than half of the incredible structure still stands, but it remains an icon of Britains prehistory, and dates back to a time before ancient Egypt built its first pyramids.
When was Stonehenge discovered? The ancient culture who built it must have had a name for it, but by the time the Romans invaded Britain in 54 BC, Stonehenge was already years old, and its history had long been forgotten. The first documented reference to Stonehenge was in AD when Henry of Huntingdon was commissioned to write a history of England and record its natural wonders; This was the first time that people became aware of Stonehenge as a remarkable place.
What does Stonehenge mean? The word Stonehenge is early English and translates literally into hanging stones. Archaeologists use it as a generic term describing any prehistoric circular earthwork enclosed by a bank and a ditch. Around BC at the very dawn of civilization a simple farming people with only primitive skills and tools flourished for a time then around BC society in Britain began to change, it became more militarized, and the landscape was soon dominated by forts rather than sacred monuments which were forgotten.
We refer to this period as prehistory before written language making it very difficult to look back that far in the archeological record and see who they are; This leaves several possibilities for who was responsible for building Stonehenge. When was Stonehenge built?
Atkinson, a professor of archeology, concluded that there were three phases of construction. Stonehenge was erected first around BC as little more than a circular bank and ditch with the main structure built of wood. Stonehenge II began about BC and continued for years; this was when the first of the bluestones were moved into place.
And the last changes were made in the early Bronze Age, between to BC which brought the outer circle and trilithons; this is the ruins of Stonehenge that we see today.
What was Stonehenge made of?
The largest stones are made of sarsen, likely local origin no more than 24 miles away at Marlborough Downs. But each of these stones weighs up to 50 tons which are as heavy as about six elephants. It remains an enduring mystery as to how precisely they were moved, especially through the marshes, valleys, and woodland.Workers from the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project have discovered 17 distinct underground stone structures spread across an area equaling 1, soccer fields.
11 At nearby Durrington Walls, they imaged “super henge,” perhaps the largest stone circle in the world.
You know what Stonehenge looks like and have probably heard the speculation about its purpose, but how well do you know the UNESCO World Heritage Site? 1. ITS CONSTRUCTION WAS A YEAR PROJECT. While many questions about the who, how, and why of Stonehenge’s construction linger, scholars have a fair idea of when . The illustration above, and at the top of the Home Page, is a photograph of Stonehenge in the 's, before more recent alterations to handle the large numbers of tourists visiting it. The settlement consisted of a large henge (a circular bank and ditch), constructed in the traditional form of a large outer bank with an inner ditch. Within it were two round wooden structures, and nearby, a number of houses. Read on for some of the key facts.
Stonehenge: Stonehenge, prehistoric stone circle monument, cemetery, and archaeological site located on Salisbury Plain, about 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.
It was built in six stages between and BCE, during the transition from the Neolithic Period to the Bronze Age. Why, almost alone of the megalithic structures of pre-history, was Stonehenge noticed and celebrated through the Middle Ages, from early at least in the twelfth century?
Stonehenge was a place of burial from its beginning to its zenith in the mid third millennium B.C.
The cremation burial dating to Stonehenge's sarsen stones phase is likely just one of many from this later period of the monument's use and demonstrates that it was still very much a domain of the dead. Stonehenge is just one part of a larger sacred landscape that contains many other stone and wooden structures as well as burials.
Archaeologists have also found evidence for widespread prehistoric hunting and a roadthat may have led to Stonehenge. "Stonehenge itself was a massive undertaking, requiring the labor of thousands to move stones from as far away as west Wales, shaping them and erecting them," he said in a statement.