It remains with him now, a few hundred years after his death. His contemporaries claimed that he was probably born already with a violin in his hands — how else could his unique talent be explained? True, his personality has always remained rather mysterious.
A popular idol, he inspired the Romantic mystique of the virtuoso and revolutionized violin technique. After initial study with his father, Paganini studied with a local violinist, G.
Servetto, and then with the celebrated Giacomo Costa. He made his first appearance in and then studied with Alessandro Rolla and Gaspare Ghiretti at Parma.
Inaccompanied by his father, he toured Lombardy, where with each concert his reputation grew. Gaining his independence soon after, he indulged excessively in gambling and romantic love affairs.
At one point he pawned his violin because of gambling debts; a French merchant lent him a Guarneri violin to play a concert and, after hearing him, gave him the instrument.
Between and he wrote the 24 Capricci for unaccompanied violin, displaying the novel features of his technique, and the two sets of six sonatas for violin and guitar.
He later gave recitals of his own compositions in many towns in Italy and about formed his long attachment with the singer Antonia Bianchi. In Paganini experienced great success in Vienna, and his appearances in Paris and London in were equally sensational.
His tour of England and Scotland in made him a wealthy man. In he settled in Paris, where he commissioned Hector Berlioz to write his symphony Harold en Italie.
Paganini thought that the challenge of its viola solo was too slight, however, and he never played it.
Following the failure of the Casino Paganini, a gambling house in which he had invested, he went to Marseille inthen to Nice. Paganini, etching by Luigi Calamatta after a drawing by J.
Stories circulated that he was in league with the devil and that he had been imprisoned for murder; his burial in consecrated ground was delayed for five years. He was long regarded as a miser, but a more accurate portrait would consider his desire to be free from a train of dependent followers and their importunities for his largesse.
His violin technique, based on that of his works, principally the Capricci, the violin concertos, and the sets of variations, demanded a wide use of harmonics and pizzicato effects, new methods of fingering and even of tuning.
In performance he improvised brilliantly. He was also a flamboyant showman who used trick effects such as severing one or two violin strings and continuing the piece on the remaining strings.
His other works include 6 violin concertos, of which the first, in D major, is especially popular; 12 sonatas for violin and guitar; and 6 quartets for violin, viola, cello, and guitar.
The influence of his virtuosity extended to orchestral as well as to piano music. His influence on Franz Liszt was immense. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Gambling for money was Paganini’s main passion throughout his life.
The father of the violinist was a regular loader who worked in the port. Already at the age of 8, Paganini wrote a sonata for violin.
Ivry Gitlis (Hebrew: עברי גיטליס ; born 25 August in Haifa, Israel) is an Israeli virtuoso violinist and UNESCO Goodwill urbanagricultureinitiative.com has performed with the world's top orchestras, including the London Philharmonic, New York Philharmonic, Berlin Philharmonic, Vienna Philharmonic, Philadelphia Orchestra, and Israel Philharmonic .
Nicolò Paganini () He was one of six children born to Teresa and Antonio Paganini. He was an Italian violinist and a composer, considered by many as the greatest of all time. All praise to Mai Kawabata for creating a badly needed analysis of Niccolo Paganini which is none the biographical review or the devil's connection which are the common rule.
This is a digitized version of an article from The Times’s print archive, before the start of online publication in To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does. In both art and life, violinist Rachel Barton Pine has an extraordinary ability to connect with people.
Celebrated as a leading interpreter of great classical and contemporary works, her performances combine her innate gift for emotional communication and her scholarly fascination with historical research.