The Background Subsection The Background sub-section to your dissertation introduction should place your research area in context, referring to relevant literature sources using a variety of direct and indirect referencing techniques. The Research Focus Subsection The Research Focus sub-section of your Introduction can be combined with the Background sub-section, or placed in a separate sub-section. It describes the subject of your research.
An invasion of participants? Typically, it is not harm that we need to think about since a researcher does not intentionally go out to cause harm. Rather, it is the risk of harm that you should try to minimise.
In order to minimising the risk of harm you should think about: Obtaining informed consent from participants. Protecting the anonymity and confidentiality of participants. Avoiding deceptive practices when designing your research.
Providing participants with the right to withdraw from your research at any time. We discuss each of these ethical principles in the sections that follow, explaining a what they mean and b instances where they should and should not be followed. Simply put, informed consent means that participants should understand that a they are taking part in research and b what the research requires of them.
Such information may include the purpose of the research, the methods being used, the possible outcomes of the research, as well as associated demands, discomforts, inconveniences and risks that the participants may face.
Whilst is it not possible to know exactly what information a potential participant would or would not want to know, you should aim not to leave out any material information; that is, information that you feel would influence whether consent would or would not be granted. Another component of informed consent is the principle that participants should be volunteers, taking part without having been coerced and deceived.
Where informed consent cannot be obtained from participants, you must explain why this is the case. You should also be aware that there are instances informed consent is not necessarily needed or needs to be relaxed.
These include certain educational, organisational and naturalistic research settings. We discuss these in more detail under the section: After all, participants will typically only be willing to volunteer information, especially information of a private or sensitive nature, if the researcher agrees to hold such information in confidence.
Whilst it is possible that research participants may be hurt in some way if the data collection methods used are somehow insensitive, there is perhaps a greater danger that harm can be caused once data has been collected. This occurs when data is not treated confidentially, whether in terms of the storage of data, its analysis, or during the publication process i.
However, this does not mean that all data collected from research participants needs to be kept confidential or anonymous. It may be possible to disclose the identity and views of individuals at various stages of the research process from data collection through to publication of your dissertation.
Nonetheless, permissions should be sought before such confidential information is disclosed. An alternative is to remove identifiers e. However, such a stripping of identifiable information may not always be possible to anticipate at the outset of your dissertation when thinking about issues of research ethics.
This is not only a consideration for dissertations following a qualitative research design, but also a quantitative research design [for more information, see the article:Thesis or Dissertation.
S. Joseph Levine, Ph.D. Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan USA ([email protected])) Become a Fan. Introduction.
This guide has been created to assist my graduate students in thinking through the many aspects of crafting, implementing and defending a thesis or dissertation. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Amy K. Anderson, “Image/Text and Text/Image: Reimagining Multimodal Relationships through Dissociation” Abstract: “W.J.T. Mitchell has famously noted that we are in the midst of a “pictorial turn,” and images are playing an increasingly important role in digital and multimodal communication.
Citations in the Text In the bibliography, give the author as the first element of the entry, i.e., the person or organisation shown most prominently in the source as responsible for the content.
If there are theoretical debates in the literature, then the introduction is a good place for the researcher to give his or her own perspective in conjunction with the literature review section of the dissertation. A good introduction presents a broad overview of your topic and your thesis, and should convince the reader that it is worth their time to actually read the rest of your essay.
this kind of intro is confusing and makes the reader wonder where exactly you’re going with your essay. 6 thoughts on “ How to Write a Good Introduction.